What is Hyperpigmentation?

Types of Pigmentation

1. Sun Exposure

Prolonged periods of sun exposure trigger excess melanin production, meaning that small, dark patches of skin can start to appear. These are called sun spots. Further sun exposure can make these appear even darker, as well as leading to more appearing.

2. Blemish Scarring

When a blemish causes inflammation, the skin releases more melanosomes. These pigment molecules help to protect the skin, but they also darken it, and can remain after the blemish has fully healed. This is sometimes referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH. It can be more common in darker skin tones due to the presence of more melanin.

3. Hormonal Changes

This type of hyperpigmentation occurs when the level of certain hormones in our body change - this is often as a result of pregnancy, or the use of a certain medications such as HRT.

How to Reduce Pigmentation

Sun Protection
Apply sun protection daily, even on cloudy days (UV rays can still penetrate and reach your skin through a layer of cloud). Also, try to limit time spent in direct sunlight, especially during its most intense hours (11am-3pm), and when possible, wear protective clothing such as sunglasses and a hat.

Incorporate Vitamin C into your Skincare Routine
Vitamin C is thought to help inhibit the production of melanin, which can help to even out the skin tone. It is also known to help neutralise oxidative stress, enhancing skin's overall health - Look out for our upcoming serum.

Try to Reduce Stress
When the body's stress reaction is triggered, it induces the melanocytes to produce more pigment, which is then absorbed by other skin cells, leading to them appearing darkened.

Avoid Touching your Skin
Whilst it can be tempting to pick at a spot before it has healed, doing so will trigger more inflammation and may lead to darker discolouration.

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